All of these case studies show that readmission extends to different policy policies. The above bilateral agreements are standards in that they explicitly address readmission cooperation, while establishing national and international standards and standards that must be respected in order to protect the rights and safety of deportees. Unlike standard readmission agreements, these agreements are flexible in that they do not require a lengthy ratification process and it is easy to organize renegotiations in response to new situations. Its main motivation is to ensure bilateral readmission cooperation and to prevent a path as far away as possible. Readmission is part of a balance of power that can characterize the intensity of the quid pro quo. As a result of a proactive commitment to strengthening police control of the EU`s external borders, North African countries are beginning to realize that they can play an effective role in migration and border management, while strengthening international credibility. There is no doubt that this significant authorization has had a serious impact on the way in which readmission cooperation has been approached, reconfigured and codified, resulting in the completion of (soft and less visible) models of cooperation. The agenda remains unchanged, but there has been a postponement of priority actions for North African countries. Indeed, the functioning of readmission cooperation has gradually placed itself first above its formalization. In these circumstances, cooperation on readmission was ultimately described as less ill. It has enabled states to face a common international challenge or (perceived) threat to their immigration and asylum systems, when they may be less cautious in their own relative progress in readmission cooperation and are undeniably much less sensitive to why those considered illegal or undesirable have left their countries of origin. , let alone their terrible conditions. The Italian-Libyan model of readmission cooperation is perhaps the most emblematic case.
Of course, readmission is more of a means than an end in itself. Negotiations have not yet resulted in a readmission agreement with one of these countries. For Morocco, it began for the first time after the Seville European Council in 2002, when the EU began to see the issue as a beacon for its relations with a number of third countries, and then since the events of the 2011 Arab Spring, which triggered the migration crisis of 2015. As far as Algeria is concerned, the change began when it signed an association agreement with the EU in 2005, an agreement signed by Moroccans and Tunisians ten years earlier.