On April 20, 2020, Gantz and Netanyahu announced that an agreement had been reached on a unity government. The deal would mean the two parties sharing power and Gantz and Netanyahu in turn becoming prime minister. Under the terms of the deal, Netanyahu is expected to be prime minister by October 2021, with Gantz as deputy prime minister. Then, let men change their role. However, if Netanyahu leaves the post of prime minister prematurely, Gantz should play the role. Several Watchdog groups in Israel, including the Movement for Quality Government in Israel and other groups, responded to the news by asking the Supreme Court to block the formation of the government because of Netanyahu`s indictment.  Such dramatic changes forced the Israeli Supreme Court to intervene, and on May 6, it paved the way for the coalition government to move forward. After the court`s vote, the Knesset voted on May 7 to amend the basic laws, Israel`s quasi-constitution, which allows the coalition government to take office. The new government, which has 36 cabinet ministers, was sworn in on Sunday, May 17. The agreement contains provisions on protection against its infringement. If Netanyahu dissolves the Knesset before Gantz has done his 18 months and goes to the polls, Gantz will serve as the first interim until the elections. On the other hand, if the Israeli Supreme Court rules that Netanyahu cannot serve while he is indicted, a new election is underway. Netanyahu was unable to form a coalition until May 29.
Instead of letting Benny Gantz try to form his own coalition, a Majority Knesset vote was elected on September 17, 2019 to dissolve and an early election was held.  Gantz had campaigned in all three elections promising not to join any Government led by Netanyahu. His reversal led some members of his center-left coalition to break up and refuse to join the government. The coalition agreement contains several complex clauses aimed at ensuring that the prime minister`s post is effectively transferred as agreed — with provisions aimed at preventing Netanyahu from maneuvering to avoid the transfer of the chairman of the board to Gantz — some of which require new or amended laws. . . .